Alopecia: causes and treatment of hair loss explained

 Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. 

This encompasses any kind of hair loss, whether or not it be temporary or more permanent.


There are over twenty varieties of alopecia and that they will generally be divided into those that cause scarring and people that are non-scarring.

The most common type that affects men is male pattern hair loss. The {female|the feminine} equivalent tends to be female pattern hair loss that develops far more slowly.

Different types of hair loss and Cause

There are different types of hair loss that are not a hormone or genetic dependent and these include those that are a reaction like alopecia areata that is another very common reason for hair loss.

There can even be alterations in the hair cycle and telogen effluvium or chronic telogen effluvium causes excessive hair shedding which might cause thinning and a reduction in the volume of the hair.


The presentation of alopecia is incredibly a lot of hooked into the cause. The most common reason for hair loss is male pattern hair loss which tends to present in men in their 20s or 30s. Typically they notice the recession of their hair over their temples.

They'll also notice thinning over the crown of their scalp. For women, the most common cause is female pattern hair loss.

Usually, women notice thinning on the highest of their scalp compared to the hair at the back of the scalp.

Each of these conditions, male pattern hair loss and female pattern hair loss, have a powerful genetic component. However, male pattern hair loss tends to be more powerfully influenced by hormonal factors.

Alternative causes of hair loss include autoimmune varieties of hair loss and also the commonest of those is alopecia areata.


In {alopecia areata|alopecia} patients usually notice or are incidentally told they need one separate patch of hair loss which is commonly a patch of bald scalp.

In terms of scarring hair loss, patients usually get symptoms as compared to patients with non-scarring varieties of hair loss.

This will embrace a stinging sensation or sensation of burning or discomfort and patients may expertise tenderness in grips in the scalp.

Observing the scalp, there could also be changes like redness around the hair follicle or so larger areas of redness.

Usually over time, if left untreated, this will progress to a scarring patch of hair loss wherever a scar is seen on the scalp. The treatment for baldness is incredibly dependent upon the underlying cause within the diagnosis.

For male pattern hair loss, minoxidil is commonly an honest treatment and tablet options include finasteride.

Read Trending One: Why Do People Go Bald?

Women have a number of additional choices for female pattern hair loss. Again, minoxidil is often used with good results.

In addition, hormonal therapy like the oral contraceptive pill or hormonal replacement therapies is often helpful. However, it’s necessary to be aware that some are hair-friendly and a few could encourage hair loss.

In patients with alopecia areata, it's necessary to treat the underlying autoimmune cause. This could be with steroid tablets, steroid creams or non-steroid based creams.

Alternatives include light medical care, immunotherapy, and pill treatments to suppress the general system.

Also Read: Causes Of Teenage Hair Loss & Reason Of Hair Fall

There are some newer therapies that are in a trial that looks very promising. Treatment of telogen effluvium is observing the underlying cause, distinctive it than addressing it.

There is a huge variety of lifestyle factors that one would consider.

In terms of scarring hair loss, treatment is to reduce the inflammation to stop the scarring from occurring. Therefore, early treatment is vital.

A variety of creams, lotions, and foams could also be used on the surface of the scalp however usually tablets that suppress the immune system are required.

Like all treatments and especially so in hair loss, it’s necessary to balance the danger and therefore the profit.
Alopecia: causes and treatment of hair loss explained Alopecia: causes and treatment of hair loss explained Reviewed by Mahi Uddin on February 28, 2019 Rating: 5

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