Monster Black Hole With Mass of 40,000,000,000 Suns

The mass of the Sun is almost to octillion tons, that's 1.989 times 10 to the 27th power, which is equal to 99.8% of the mass of the entire solar system.

It's simply unreal to imagine even a hundredth of this incredibly huge number.

Nevertheless, in the Holmberg 15, a galaxy located at a distance of 700 light years from the earth, there's an object that our son in comparison would look like no more than a small speck of dust.

At first glance, it seems that what we see in this image is nothing special.

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However, in the very center of this galaxy is a black hole whose mass is 40 billion times greater than the mass of our Sun.

How did such a giant black hole form and what can it tell us about our future?

It all started in the summer of 2019, in the northern part of Chile at the Paranal space observatory for two nights, a team of astronomers using the multi unit spectroscopic Explorer, on the largest telescope in the world watch the movement of stars in the homework 15 a galaxy, scientists discovered that all the stars revolve around a monstrously huge object.

Through complex calculations, astronomers learned that this object is a supermassive black hole.

Initially, researchers measured its mass indirectly by studying the dynamics of objects directly inside the galaxy, as well as by the movement of a chasing galaxies.

According to these indicators, the black hole turned out to be 310 billion times more massive than our sun, then the researchers use the Schwarzschild metric, the only mathematical method to date that allows for accurate measurement of the mass of a black hole.

The resulting number turned out to be slightly smaller but still pretty impressive.

According to this more accurate data, this black hole has a massive 40 billion times larger than the sun.

The event horizon of the black hole discovered in Holmberg 15 A exceeds the orbits of all the planets of our solar system combined.

It's very difficult to imagine such an impressive scale, but we'll try to do it.

In order to imagine the size of such a black hole, you can mentally superimpose it on the entire solar system distance from the Sun to Pluto averages 39.5 astronomical units, which doesn't even cover a 10th of the radius of the black hole.

The distance from the Sun to the Kuiper belt is 50 astronomical units.

This is still small compared to the black hole heliopause, the place where the solar When ceases to have any effect is 123 astronomical units from the sun, which compares to just one sixth of the radius of the black hole, which measures about 790 astronomical units only the distance from the Sun to the outer boundary of the old cloud, which is equal to 1000 astronomical units is capable of completely spanning the radius of the black hole.

Accordingly, the diameter is equivalent to approximately two solar systems as for the 40 billion masses of the sun, with such an immense size, this is not too much.

Nevertheless, according to scientists, such a mass is near the potential size limit of black holes.

According to calculations, the maximum possible mass of a black hole cannot exceed 50 billion solar masses and exception maybe just in those cases where to extremely massive Black Holes merged to form one black hole with 100 billion solar masses before exploring the homework 15 a galaxy to end 618 was considered the largest black hole.

Scientists initially calculated that its mass was equal to approximately 66 billion suns.

However, these indicators were calculated indirectly.

So in reality, the accurate measure of the mass of the Tln 618 Black Hole should be much smaller, so the black hole from the homework 15 a galaxy still turns out to be the record holder.

However, one more question remains How could such a monstrously huge object appear in our universe?

Scientists suggest that it arose as a result of the merging of two early type galaxies, both galaxies had depleted nuclei, that is, there were a fairly small number of stars this time of merger, according to researchers is very rare and usually gives birth to such giant monsters.

However, researchers can't rule out the possibility that there were more than two galaxies.

Perhaps several of them had supermassive black holes in the center, the merger of which formed the largest black hole discovered today.

No matter how huge the black hole is, it may seem to us that this has nothing to do with humanity.

However, it's likely that the black hole is able to tell us a lot about our future.

Indeed, in fact, such a merger of galaxies could be awaiting the Milky Way in the future.

After about 4.5 billion years, our galaxy will collide with Andromeda.

The first evidence of this inevitable event has been available for a long time as early as the beginning of the 20th century.

The astronomer Festo Melvin Slifer drew attention to the fact that space objects differ in the color of their glow depending on their motion relative to the earth. Objects that move away from the earth have squeezed light that shifts toward the red color of the spectrum.

Approaching objects on the contrary, emit blue squeezed light the Andromeda Galaxy shown exactly in blue.

Based on these data in 1913, Slifer calculated that Andromeda was heading towards the Milky Way, at a speed of 186 miles or 300 kilometers per second.

For decades, scientists could not understand exactly how this collision would take place.

Whether this would be a destructive head on glow, or whether the galaxies would simply brush against each other remained a mystery.

Of course, it was absolutely necessary to solve this problem since the future of mankind could depend on the answer.

In recent decades, researchers have finally given a clear answer to this question thanks to the observation of the pair galaxy NGC 605 to which was formed as a result of the collision of two other galaxies, researchers carefully studied the images taken with the Hubble telescope and made predictions about the Milky Way.

No matter how powerful the collision is, the sun and other stars as well as planets will survive because there's a huge distance between them 10s and hundreds of light years, most likely not a single person will remain on earth by that time since the sun will begin to turn into a red giant before this collision takes place mankind which most likely will have populated other planets by that time will be able to observe many interesting phenomenon.

As it gets nearer, the Andromeda Galaxy will appear larger in size resembling a huge lightsaber in the sky.

By this time, the giant molecularcloud Which are stellar nurseries will begin to shrink thereby forming many new stars.

In turn, the stream of stars forming the Milky Way will be destroyed and mixed together gas dust and new stars will completely remake the night sky that we see now many of the emerging stars will have enormous mass and will exist for a very short period of time before exploding as supernovas.

If by this time, humanity still survives, it will be near new stars, but subsequent explosions may bring an end to the existence of our civilization.

But I think that scientists of the future will surely prevent settlement near such dangers.

Later, the Andromeda Galaxy will go further beyond the Milky Way.

But after 100 million years, it will make a U turn and merge with our galaxy again, this will initiate another compression of molecular clouds and the birth of more new stars.

Some of which will burst into supernovas.

As a result, Andromeda and the Milky Way to spiral galaxies will turn into one elliptical galaxy, scientists have already given a name to this future galaxy male comedy.

But the most important thing is that our solar system may end up far beyond the borders of this newly formed galaxy, though perhaps this might be better given that a collision of galaxies can form a supermassive black hole as in the case with the homework 15 a galaxy at this point, there will be a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way with a mass of between two and 5 million solar masses in the center of Andromeda is a candidate for black holes with a mass of 140 million suns.

This is not enough for a record, but we still don't fully understand the formation process of such giant black holes.

Another question Can the solar system exist as it did before, but now outside the newly formed galaxy milk comma, after all, then the whole balance of gravitational interaction with other cosmic bodies will be upset.

But we'll explore this question another time.

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Monster Black Hole With Mass of 40,000,000,000 Suns Monster Black Hole With Mass of 40,000,000,000 Suns Reviewed by Mahi Uddin on February 13, 2020 Rating: 5

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